Up until a few years ago, deformities due to localized fat deposits had no acceptable surgical solution. Liposuction is the technique that has revolutionized the correction of these problems.
It is not a treatment for obesity, rather it is meant to correct those areas of the body with persistent fat deposits even after an important weight loss following a diet. Thanks to this technique, fat from different areas in the body can be extracted: hips, thighs, knees, ankles, arms, abdomen, face, etc. Occasionally it can complement other procedures (face lifts, abdominoplasty, etc.).
Liposuction can generally be performed with mild sedation and local anaesthetic. However general anaesthesia is used for the treatment of large areas. The technique, always performed in an operating theatre, consists of suctioning the fat through a surgical cannula connected to a vacuum pump or special syringe, according to the case, and making several tunnels in a previously marked area. Once the operation has been performed an elastic dressing or support garment, depending on the treated area, must be worn. Bruising and swelling of the area is common after the surgery and is perfectly normal. The final results can start being appreciated about three months after the procedure.
The fat that has been removed can be used to add volume to other areas of the body, such as the breasts, buttocks or the face.
A liposuction is a surgical procedure and should always be performed in a theatre under strictly aseptic conditions. It must always be performed by a plastic surgeon in order to avoid very serious and possibly mutilating complications.
Liposuction is not the only procedure that can be used to eliminate localized fat deposits. These alternative techniques should always be carried out by specialists who will discuss the advantages of each method and above all are legally able to treat any complications that may arise.